Warning to those issuing Fatwaas in the matters of Deen

Shaykh Saleh al-Fawzan (hafidhahullah) was asked: Is it allowed for a person to give a ruling on an issue whilst he is unlearned even of the Arabic language or of the rules of jurisprudence and legal theory? 

Sheikh Saleh al-Fawzan (Hafidhahullah) responded:

This is certainly not allowed. This is a widespread calamity that has befallen the Muslim world, in that there have arisen youths from among the laity who have their own personal libraries. They read books [of knowledge] and then go out and voice their opinions and give rulings to people. They do not understand the text, let alone the consequence. Their example is like those who read letters but do not understand them, or like an Arab that reads non-Arabic words; or visa-versa. In both cases he will not be able to understand what is meant. This will lead to misconstruing the noble hadiths – the sound ones and those that have been criticised – while being ignorant of their true meanings. This would be like a madman who has a sword or a gun; he will certainly be a threat to others. Or like someone who drives a car among people, even though he cannot drive properly: this would be dangerous and reckless! Indeed fiqh is something tremendous which Allah, Majestic is He, places in the hearts of whoever He chooses. It demands serious study, intelligence, perseverence, and traversing the various stages of learning and acquiring knowledge until one is able to reach the desired goal.

Reference: Muntaqa min al-Fatawa Vol 5 see question no: 476

Question- 476
هل يجوز للإنسان أن يفتي وهو يجهل حتى اللغة العربية، والعام والخاص، والمطلق والمبين؟
هذا لا يجوز أبدًا، هذا بلاء عم العالم الإسلامي حيث ظهر أناس عاميون يجعلون لأنفسهم مكتبات في بيوتهم يقرؤون فيها، ويخرجون على الناس بآراء وفتاوى لا يعرفون مصدرها ولا آثارها، لأن مثل هؤلاء قد يقرؤون الحروف ولا يفهمونها مثل العربي الذي يقرأ الحروف الأعجمية أو الأعجمي الذي يقرأ الحروف العربية، فكلاهما لا يفهم معانيها، وهذا ا>ى إلى تناولهم للأحاديث الشريفة ورواتها بالجرح والتصحيح وهم يجهلون ما يقولون، ومثل هؤلاء كالمجنون الذي جعل في يده سيفًا أو بندقية، وأخذ يهدد الناس أو مثل الذي يقود سيارة، وهو لا يتقن القيادة فيدخل بها إلى وسط الناس فهذا خطر شديد. فالفقه شيء عظيم يجعله المولى عز وجل في قلوب من يشاء من عباده، وهو يحتاج إلى دراسة واعية ومثابرة، واجتياز مراحل دراسية حتى يصل الإنسان إلى هذا المنصب.

The orginal book can be downloaded from here:
http://www.almeshkat.net/books/open.php?cat=15&book=969

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