The meaning of those who dont act in accordance to their knowledge and those who act without knowledge
اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ – صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلاَ الضَّآلِّينَ
… “Guide us to the straight path-the path of those upon whomYou have bestowed favour, not of those who have evoked (Your) anger or of those who are astray” ( Sural Al-Fathiha verse 6,7)
In the interpreation of this verse Sheikh Muhammed bin Abdul Wahaab (Rahimahullah) stated:
” The scholars meant in the verse that reads, “those who have evoked (Allah’s) anger ” are those who do not act in accordance with their knowledge, and ‘….those who are astray’.are those who act without knowledge. The former is the quality of the jews, while the latter is that of the christian. Some ignorant people mistakenly believe that those two qualities are restricted to the jews and the Christians, forgetting that Allah commands them to recite the above-mentioned Quranic invocation seeking refuge with Him from being one of the people of these two qualities . Glory be to Allah! How do those ignorant people think that they are safe from these qualities, though they are taught and commanded by Allah to keep on invoking Him (through the aforesaid verses) seeking His refuge against them?. Are they not aware that they thus assume evil about Allah? !.
Source Reference: A summary of Islamic Juriprudence by Sheikh Saleh Al-Fawzaan page 4, see note no: 3 cross referenced to: Ibn Ghannams Tariqh Najd.See More